Mark Kennedy Undercover Cop05/02/2012 Mark Kennedy, alias Mark "Flash" Stone, Undercover Cop, had sex with at least two Green Climate Change campaigners and he Infiltrated the Green Activist's movement. Solicitor Harriet Wistrich says, "8 woman are suing UK police because undercover police officers had relationships with them". Harriet Wistrich Solicitor

Ms Wistrich goes on to say, "I don't think that it can ever be justified that you form a long term relationship and that you allow somebody to (falsely) believe that they may of met their future life partner and that you continue to deceive them over a period of time". Some undercover police officers were having kids with Green activists, then walking away and leaving them. Chief Constable Jon Murphy for Police Chiefs says, "It would be morally wrong and grossly unprofessional", for undercover police officers to sleep with protesters. Kennedy now has fears for his life, GreenEcoPeace research department say's, "we feel that this is a total disgrace".

Review into Undercover Policing Does Not Ban Sex with Targets

Undercover officers are not explicitly banned from having sex with targets because it would give potential criminals an easy test to find out whether someone was who they said they were, police chiefs and inspectors said. Jon Murphy Police Cheif Constable

But Chief Constable Jon Murphy, the lead on organised crime for police chiefs, said it would be "morally wrong" and "grossly unprofessional" for undercover officers to sleep with protesters, as Mark Kennedy claims to have done.

While there is no explicit ban, police officers are expected to act with integrity, legitimacy and proportionality at all times, the Association of Chief Police Officers (Acpo) said.

The details emerged as inspectors published the findings of their review, after Mr Kennedy's actions led to the collapse of a high-profile case against green campaigners accused of planning to invade Ratcliffe-on-Soar power station near Nottingham last year .

Mr Kennedy, who spent seven years posing as long-haired drop-out climber Mark "Flash" Stone, including a six-week stint without a break, has admitted he had sexual relationships with at least two women during the operation.

The review by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary (HMIC) into undercover policing of protests called for tougher oversight and control.

It said the code for undercover officers clearly states "that conduct must still be consistent with the spirit of the regulations and with the fundamental aims of the respective organisation".

But its full contents remain secret as revealing them would provide criminals with automatic tests to find out whether an individual was an undercover officer, HMIC said.

Sir Denis O'Connor, the Chief Inspector of Constabulary, said: "As for the code, we have given an indication of the sort of content.

"What I would say about the code is the code expects the best from police officers. They are governed by regulations and the law when they're undercover as they are when they're wearing the uniform.

"But it would be unwise for us to get into details about their behaviour because there are people who study these things and they would automatically become tests for those individuals.

"I think the clue is in what I said earlier on about expecting the best, and that means (they must) be professional in every sense."

He added: "We think if we say too much about that then we risk revealing clear opportunities to people to just test those people on assignments."

The review also praised the work of undercover officers, citing cases where they have helped prevent bomb attacks and seize weapons from extremists but future operations should be approved in advance by high-level authorities outside the police, it said.

Reflecting on the Kennedy case, O'Connor called for police chiefs to establish a system where prior approval from the Office of Surveillance Commissioners (OSC) would be needed for pre-planned, long-term operations.

Currently, the Home Secretary's approval is needed before a bug can be set up, which may take 15 seconds, but an assistant chief constable can sign off putting an undercover officer in place, sometimes for years, he said.

While there were "only a handful of this kind of undercover deployments active at any one time", operations were not controlled as well as those in other units which used undercover officers to tackle serious criminality.

This may have been because undercover officers in what was the National Public Order Intelligence Unit (NPOIU) were seeking intelligence to stop criminal activity, rather than evidence to be used in courts, inspectors said.

Sir Denis said that while the ability to use undercover officers was "an absolutely essential tactic to protect people", a series of controls should be brought in to test whether a potential deployment is necessary and proportionate.

He called for a clearer distinction between public order policing and tackling domestic extremism, which are now both part of the National Domestic Extremism Unit (NDEU), with extremism being managed under the counter-terrorism network in the future.

Sir Denis also revealed he had referred a matter involving an issue of control within the Metropolitan Police's Special Demonstration Squad (SDS), which was closed down in 2008, to the police watchdog after inspectors uncovered documents containing information "we thought could be problematic".

"They may turn out not to be significant," he said.

The review was ordered after questions were raised about the proportionality of covert tactics and of such a lengthy and costly operation targeting green campaigners planning to invade the Ratcliffe-on-Soar power station near Nottingham.

The case against them collapsed in January last year after they claimed an undercover officer offered to give evidence on their behalf.

Mr Kennedy has since said he fears for his life, describing the world of undercover policing as "grey and murky", adding: "There is some bad stuff going on. Really bad stuff."

But the HMIC report found he worked outside the code of conduct for undercover officers, became "resistant to management intervention", and review and oversight was insufficient.

"He seems to have believed he was best placed to make decisions about how his deployment and the operation should progress," the report said.

Mr Kennedy worked undercover in 11 countries on 40 occasions, mostly on "European-wide protest issues", but there was no single officer in control and the authorising officer was not even always told Mr Kennedy was going overseas, nor given relevant information about what happened while he was there.

His supervisor built up a close relationship with him over seven years and "the degree of challenge and intrusiveness" into his activity "proved insufficient".

Mr Kennedy also defied instructions and went abroad with a protester in 2009 and carried on working against instructions despite being arrested in 2006.

"The full extent of his activity remains unknown," the report said. Undercover Cop Mark Kennedy

Despite uncovering "serious criminality", and helping tackle a group capable of using homemade bombs, there were "insufficient checks and balances" into his actions and "little consideration" was given to an exit plan, the inspectors found.

The Association of Chief Police Officers (Acpo) said it hoped the report's recommendations "can ensure that the public have confidence in the use of these tactics to keep communities safe".

Chief Constable Murphy said: "This review recognises that undercover officers play a critical role gathering evidence and intelligence to protect communities from harm.

"It is one of the most challenging areas of operational activity undertaken by the police service.

"When used correctly it is lawful, ethical, necessary and proportionate."

He added: "The police service would welcome increased oversight in this critical area of policing."

Ben Stewart, one of the defendants in the Ratcliffe-on-Soar case whose conviction was overturned, said: "It looks like a cover-up.

"Kennedy's controllers have advanced the 'one rogue cop' defence and the authors of this report have happily accepted it."

He went on: "In reality, it's inconceivable that Kennedy's superiors weren't fully aware of the abuses he and other undercover officers were committing in the peaceful protest movement.

"They were only caught out because we exposed them, but there's little in this report that would prevent the same thing happening again.

"We now know some undercover officers were even having kids with activists then walking away, but a report commissioned by the police and conducted by the police has cleared the police of serious wrong-doing.

"In the real world, people's lives have been wrecked and their most basic rights trampled on, almost certainly with the full approval of senior officers."

The Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) said the additional issue referred to the watchdog by the HMIC related to "concerns about potential issues of authorisation between 2000-2005 under the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act".

Moir Stewart, the IPCC's director of investigations, said: "I have been in contact with the MPS (Metropolitan Police Service) and asked them to consider whether the matters raised by HMIC are referable.

"The MPS are carrying out a wider review into the activities of undercover officers and they have agreed that, should any recordable conduct or possible criminality involving other officers come to light as a result of this review, it will be referred to the IPCC."

Undercover Policeman, may have acted as 'Agent Provocateur' while Infiltrating Environmental Activist Movement  

LONDON (AP) — The tattooed environmentalist, known to fellow activists as "Flash" because of his supply of ready money, had a secret – he was an undercover policeman who had spent years infiltrating the movement.

At some point, Constable Mark Kennedy had second thoughts about his mission.

British prosecutors on Monday dropped charges against six environmental protesters after their lawyer said Kennedy had offered to help the accused.

Activists and politicians called for an investigation into the clandestine police operation, saying Kennedy had played a key role in organizing and encouraging the protest that led to the arrests.

The defendants' lawyer, Mike Schwarz, said the case raised "serious questions" about the role of the police.

"One expects there to be undercover police on serious operations to investigate serious crime," he said. "This was quite the opposite. This is civil disobedience which has a long history in this country and should be protected."

The U.K. Taxpayers' Alliance said the case will prompt the public to question the police's use of funds for undercover operations, as Britain claws back from the recent recession. 

"A staggeringly large sum of taxpayers' money has been spent keeping this officer undercover for a decade and members of the public will question whether this was worth it if this court case has now collapsed," warned Emma Boon of the Alliance.

Green Party politician Jenny Jones said she planned to ask the police commissioner how many officers are working undercover.

"With money so tight, the police have to pick their targets carefully, and picking on a bunch of non-violent environmental protesters seems like a clear waste of money," she said.

The defendants were picked up in a controversial sweep of 114 activists in 2009 and charged with plotting to shut down one of Britain's biggest power stations.

Their trial had been due to start Monday, but at the last minute, public prosecutors said new information had come to light that "significantly undermined the prosecution's case."

The Crown Prosecution Service said in a statement that there was "no longer sufficient evidence for a realistic prospect of conviction." The charges were formally dropped at a court hearing in Nottingham, central England.

Schwarz said the trial collapsed after attorneys pressed for information about the role of Kennedy, who spent several years inside the protest group. Schwarz said Kennedy had been "willing to speak to me with a view to assisting the defense."

"It is no coincidence that, just 48 hours after we told (prosecutors) our clients could not receive a fair trial unless they disclosed material about Kennedy, they halted the prosecution," he said.

The activists were arrested in a nighttime raid at a school near the Ratcliffe-on-Soar power plant, 120 miles (190 kilometers) northwest of London, in April 2009. They allegedly had planned to occupy the coal-fired power station in a protest against carbon dioxide emissions linked to climate change.

Campaigners condemned the pre-emptive arrest, saying the activists had planned a peaceful protest.

Twenty people have already been tried and given community-service sentences or conditional discharges. The rest were not charged.

"I represented 113 of those arrested," Schwarz said. "The 114th, we now know, was PC Kennedy, an undercover police officer."

The Metropolitan Police refused to comment on Kennedy's role. Activists told The Guardian newspaper that the long-haired, tattooed Kennedy – whom they knew as Mark Stone – had been involved in many demonstrations in Britain and across Europe.

They said he often drove activists around in his pickup truck, participated in reconnaissance of the Ratcliffe plant and advised on the best way to break in.

Bradley Day, 23, one of the activists convicted earlier, said Kennedy "was a very practical person and very trusted" within the movement.

He was exposed after fellow activists found a passport bearing his real name.

An opposition lawmaker said the government needed to answer allegations that Kennedy had "acted almost as an agent provocateur."

David Winnick said Home Secretary Theresa May should make a statement to the House of Commons.